CBD stands for cannabidiol and is derived directly from the hemp plant. It is a type of cannabinoid, a chemical that occurs naturally in cannabis plants. Cannabinoids are chemicals related to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), marijuana’s main mind-altering ingredient. The marijuana plant contains more than 100 cannabinoids.
The body also produces its own cannabinoid chemicals. They play a role in regulating pleasure, memory, thinking, concentration, body movement, awareness of time, appetite, pain and the senses (taste, touch, smell, hearing, and sight).
Unlike some cannabis plants that contain the psychoactive chemical THC, CBD is not known to cause psychoactive effects. While CBD is a component of marijuana (one of hundreds), by itself it does not cause a “high.” According to a report from the World Health Organization “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential….To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) has been recently recognized as an important modulatory system in the function of brain, endocrine, and immune tissues. It appears to play a very important regulatory role in the secretion of hormones related to reproductive functions and response to stress.
Because CBD stimulates the endocannabinoid system, it helps to promote homeostasis (a state of equilibrium) in the body, reducing the sensation of pain and inhibiting inflammation.
All cannabinoids, including CBD, produce effects in the body by attaching to certain receptors.
The human body produces certain cannabinoids on its own. It also has two receptors for cannabinoids, called the CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors.
CB1 receptors are present throughout the body, but many are in the brain.
The CB1 receptors in the brain deal with coordination and movement, pain, emotions, and mood, thinking, appetite, and memories, and other functions. THC attaches to these receptors.
CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system. They affect inflammation and pain.
Researchers once believed that CBD attached to these CB2 receptors, but it now appears that CBD does not attach directly to either receptor. Instead, it seems to direct the body to use more of its own cannabinoids.
Many small-scale studies have looked into the safety of CBD in adults. They concluded that adults tend to tolerate a wide range of doses well.
Researchers have found no significant side effects on the central nervous system, the vital signs or mood, even among people who used high dosages.
The most common side effect was tiredness. Also, some people reported diarrhea, changes in appetite or weight.
It is recommended that anyone who is considering using CBD should talk to a qualified healthcare practitioner beforehand.
Hemp oil is not the same as cannabidiol (CBD) oil. The production of CBD oil uses the stalks, leaves, and flowers of the hemp plant, which contain a higher concentration of CBD, another potentially beneficial compound in the plant.
Hemp seed oil comes from the small seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant. The seeds do not contain the same levels of compounds as the plant itself, but they still have a rich profile of nutrients, fatty acids, and useful bioactive compounds.
Full-spectrum hemp oil that also contains plant matter may add other effective compounds, which may help with certain health issues, such as inflammation.
Takeaway and future research
The research on hemp oil is still relatively new, particularly in the United States and other places where restrictive laws have prevented researchers from fully exploring the potential of cannabis plants until recently.
As CBD comes into more common use in an increasing number of areas, research into the potential benefits of full-spectrum hemp oil may expand. As a result, scientists may find more evidence to support the potential benefits of the plant or even reveal new benefits. In any case, the future of research on hemp oil looks promising.
It is essential to ensure that CBD and hemp products come from a reliable manufacturer such as MAKO Hemp. The flowers, stems, seeds and oil should be free of plant matter that may add additional compounds, such as THC. All MAKO branded products are tested by an independent laboratory to guarantee that every MAKO branded product will meet our customers’ demand for quality, value and consumer satisfaction.