CBD stands for cannabidiol and is derived directly from the hemp plant. It is a type of cannabinoid, a chemical that occurs naturally in cannabis plants. Cannabinoids are chemicals related to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), marijuana’s main mind-altering ingredient. The marijuana plant contains more than 100 cannabinoids.
The body also produces its own cannabinoid chemicals. They play a role in regulating pleasure, memory, thinking, concentration, body movement, awareness of time, appetite, pain and the senses (taste, touch, smell, hearing, and sight).
Unlike some cannabis plants that contain the psychoactive chemical THC, CBD is not known to cause psychoactive effects. While CBD is a component of marijuana (one of hundreds), by itself it does not cause a “high.” According to a report from the World Health Organization “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential….To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) has been recently recognized as an important modulatory system in the function of brain, endocrine, and immune tissues. It appears to play a very important regulatory role in the secretion of hormones related to reproductive functions and response to stress.